Early folk belief in vampires has sometimes been ascribed to the ignorance of the body's process of decomposition after death and how people in pre-industrial societies tried to rationalise this, creating the figure of the vampire to explain the mysteries of death.
Porphyria was also linked with legends of vampirism in 1985 and received much media exposure, but has since been largely discredited.
The success of this book spawned a distinctive vampire genre, still popular in the 21st century, with books, films, and television shows.
Stefan has been drinking human blood on the down low, something that makes him unstable.
His brother, Damon (Ian Somerhalder), ends up escorting Elena in the Miss Mystic Falls pageant, and then they vervain Stefan and lock him up so he doesn’t eat anyone.
They wore shrouds and were often described as bloated and of ruddy or dark countenance, markedly different from today's gaunt, pale vampire which dates from the early 19th century.Although vampiric entities have been recorded in most cultures, the term vampire was not popularized in the West until the early 18th century, after an influx of vampire superstition into Western Europe from areas where vampire legends were frequent, such as the Balkans and Eastern Europe, although local variants were also known by different names, such as shtriga in Albania, vrykolakas in Greece and strigoi in Romania.The charismatic and sophisticated vampire of modern fiction was born in 1819 with the publication of The Vampyre by John Polidori; the story was highly successful and arguably the most influential vampire work of the early 19th century.However, it is Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula which is remembered as the quintessential vampire novel and provided the basis of the modern vampire legend.
Stefan sends Elena and Damon on a road trip, so she can figure out who she should be with.Rose’s ghost points out the benefits and drawbacks to both brothers, though she seems to prefer Elena with Damon.