Much less known, but still quite puzzling, is a related and smaller piece of cloth now known as the Sudarium of Oviedo.
Some contend that this fabric was the piece of cloth that was wrapped around Jesus’ head as he lay in the tomb (or while he was dead on the cross).
Over the centuries, a large piece of linen popularly known as the Shroud of Turin has been the subject of fierce debate as to when it was created and what could cause what appears to be the image of a man on the cloth.
Many believe it was the burial cloth of Jesus of Nazareth and that his resurrection caused the image to become imprinted on the material.
An intensive study by the Investigation Team of the Spanish Centre for Sindonology concludes that the staining on the Sudarium was made in several different body positions, and they created artificial heads to attempt to replicate that stains on the cloth.
It was then carried to Spain by way of Northern Africa.
It eventually found permanent housing in the northern Spanish town of Oviedo.
The first mention of its existence occurred in 570CE when the enigmatic sixth-century pilgrim Antoninus of Piacenza claimed the cloth was housed in a monastery near Jerusalem.
Jerusalem was apparently not a safe place for the relic, and it was taken from that city in the 610s just ahead of the invading Persian armies.