HSV tends to live in a collection of nervesnear the ear. HSV2 likes a collection of nerves at the base of the spine and tends to recur in the genital area.However, did you know that either type can reside in either or both parts of the body and infect BOTH areas?BOTH types can recur and spread even when symptoms aren’t present.Studies show that people with recurrent oral HSV-1 shed virus in their saliva about 5% of the time even when they show no symptoms. And this statistic only includes the people who are aware that they have the virus.For both types, at least 2/3 of those infected have no symptoms or symptoms to mild to notice.I n the first year of infection, people with genital HSV-2 shed virus from the genital area about 6-10% of days when they show no symptoms, and less often over time.The primary difference between HSV 1 and 2 are where they tend to establish latency.
That’s because the virus causes the body to produce antibodies that provide some crossover protection against the other type should it entering the body.That’s why when a person with a prior HSV infection does contract the other type, the first episode tends to be less sever than in a person who has no prior antibodies. But not as easily as it istransmitted through oral sex. The mouth is the preferred site for HSV-1 infection and the virus sheds less often outside its site of preference.