Poor diet and physical inactivity among younger persons can lead to an increased risk for certain chronic health conditions, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and obesity (1). Engaging children and adolescents in healthy eating and regular physical activity can lower their risk for obesity and related chronic diseases (7,8).
The dietary and physical activity behaviors of children and adolescents are influenced by many sectors of society, including families, communities, schools, child care settings, health-care providers, faith-based institutions, government agencies, the media, and the food and beverage industries and entertainment industry.
Prepared by Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion The material in this report originated in the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Ursula E.
Bauer, Ph D, Director Corresponding preparer: Sarah M.
Each of these sectors has an important, independent role to play in improving the dietary and physical activity behaviors of young persons.
Schools play a particularly critical role by establishing a safe and supportive environment with policies and practices that support healthy behaviors.
This report describes school health guidelines for promoting healthy eating and physical activity, including coordination of school policies and practices; supportive environments; school nutrition services; physical education and physical activity programs; health education; health, mental health, and social services; family and community involvement; school employee wellness; and professional development for school staff members.These guidelines, developed in collaboration with specialists from universities and from national, federal, state, local, and voluntary agencies and organizations, are based on an in-depth review of research, theory, and best practices in healthy eating and physical activity promotion in school health, public health, and education.Multiple chronic disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and high blood glucose levels are related to obesity.Schools have a responsibility to help prevent obesity and promote physical activity and healthy eating through policies, practices, and supportive environments.
Lee, Ph D, CDC, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS K-12, Atlanta, GA 30341.Telephone: 770-488-6126; Fax: 770-488-5771; E-mail: [email protected] During the last 3 decades, the prevalence of obesity has tripled among persons aged 6--19 years.